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How to Build a Backyard Pickleball Court: A DIY Guide

Building a backyard pickleball court can be a fun and rewarding project for those who love the game. Pickleball is a sport that is growing in popularity, and having a court in your own backyard can provide hours of entertainment for you, your family, and your friends.

woman playing pickleball
(c) Shutterstock

Before beginning the construction process, it is important to understand the necessary dimensions and materials needed for a regulation-size pickleball court. A standard pickleball court is 20 feet wide and 44 feet long, with a net height of 36 inches at the sidelines and 34 inches at the center. The court should be made of a hard surface, such as concrete or asphalt, and should be marked with white lines that are 2 inches wide.

While building a backyard pickleball court may seem like a daunting task, with the right tools and knowledge, it can be a manageable project for those with some DIY experience. This article will provide a step-by-step guide on how to build a backyard pickleball court, including tips on preparing the ground, installing the net, and adding lighting for night play.

See our recommendations for the best women’s shoes for pickleball!

Location and Space

When building a backyard pickleball court, choosing the right location and ensuring sufficient space is crucial. Here are some important considerations:

Area Requirements

The standard size for a pickleball court is 20 feet wide and 44 feet long, with a diagonal of 48 feet. However, if you are building a court for personal use, you can adjust the size to fit your available space. A single court requires at least 30 by 60 feet of space, but it is recommended to add a few more feet on each side for volleys and running after shots.

It’s also important to consider the surrounding area. Make sure there is enough clearance around the court to prevent players from running into obstacles. Ideally, there should be at least 10 feet of clear space on all sides.

Surface Type

The surface of your pickleball court is another important consideration. The most common options for backyard courts are concrete, asphalt, or a compacted stone base with a rubberized surface. Concrete and asphalt are durable and low-maintenance, but they can be hard on players’ joints. A compacted stone base with a rubberized surface provides better shock absorption, but it requires more maintenance.

Another option is to use interlocking tiles specifically designed for pickleball courts. These tiles are easy to install and remove, and they provide excellent shock absorption. However, they can be more expensive than other surface options.

Ultimately, the choice of surface will depend on your budget, maintenance preferences, and personal preferences for playing surface.

Materials and Equipment

Pickleball Net

A pickleball net is an essential item for building a backyard pickleball court. The net should be 22 feet wide and 36 inches high at the center. It should be made of durable materials, such as steel or aluminum, to withstand outdoor conditions. Many sporting goods stores sell pickleball nets, or they can be purchased online.

Pickleball Paddles

Pickleball paddles are another essential item for playing pickleball. They are typically made of lightweight materials, such as wood, composite, or graphite. The weight and size of the paddle can affect the player’s performance, so it is important to choose the right paddle for each player’s skill level and playing style.


Pickleballs are specialized balls used for playing pickleball. They are similar in size to a wiffle ball but are made of a harder plastic material. Pickleballs can be purchased online or at sporting goods stores.

Paint and Marking Tape

Paint and marking tape are used to mark the boundaries and lines on the pickleball court. The standard colors for the lines are white and yellow. The paint should be durable and able to withstand outdoor conditions.

Excavation Equipment

Excavation equipment is necessary for preparing the ground for the pickleball court. This equipment includes a backhoe, bulldozer, or excavator. The equipment is used to remove any grass or debris from the area and to level the ground.

Gravel and Sand

Gravel and sand are used to create a stable base for the pickleball court. The gravel should be compacted to create a solid foundation, and the sand should be spread evenly on top of the gravel to create a smooth surface.

Concrete and Asphalt

Concrete and asphalt are two of the most popular materials used for the surface of a pickleball court. Concrete is a low-maintenance option that provides a regular playing surface and bounce. Asphalt is a more affordable option but requires additional upkeep. Both materials can be finished with paint and marking tape to create the lines and boundaries of the court.

Design and Layout

Court Dimensions

The first step in designing a backyard pickleball court is to determine the dimensions of the court. According to the official rules of pickleball, a court should be 20 feet wide and 44 feet long for doubles play, and 17 feet wide and 44 feet long for singles play. The net should be placed at the center of the court, and should be 36 inches high at the sidelines and 34 inches high at the center. The court should also have a 7-foot non-volley zone on each side of the net, which is marked by a line that is 2 inches wide.

Court Orientation

The orientation of the court is also an important factor to consider when designing a backyard pickleball court. Ideally, the court should be oriented in a north-south direction to minimize the amount of sun glare during play. If this is not possible, it is recommended to place the court in a way that minimizes the amount of sun glare during the hours when the court is most likely to be used.

Fencing and Lighting

Fencing is an important aspect of a backyard pickleball court, as it helps to keep the ball in play and prevents it from rolling into other areas of the yard. A standard fence height of 10 feet is recommended to ensure that the ball stays within the court boundaries. In addition, lighting is important for those who want to play at night. LED lights are a popular choice for backyard pickleball courts, as they are energy-efficient and provide bright, even lighting.

Construction Process

Building a backyard pickleball court requires careful planning and execution. Here are the essential steps involved in the construction process:

Site Preparation

The first step in building a pickleball court is to choose a suitable location. The site should be level, well-drained, and free from any obstructions such as trees or rocks. Once the site has been selected, the area should be cleared of any vegetation or debris.

Excavation and Grading

The next step is to excavate the area to a depth of at least 8 inches. This will provide sufficient space for the base and sub-base materials. The excavated area should then be graded to ensure a level surface. The use of a laser level or transit can help ensure accuracy.

Base and Sub-base Installation

After the excavation and grading is complete, the base and sub-base materials can be installed. Typically, a layer of crushed stone or gravel is used as the sub-base, followed by a layer of compacted stone dust as the base. The thickness of each layer will depend on the soil conditions and the intended use of the court.

Surface Installation

Once the base and sub-base have been installed and compacted, the playing surface can be installed. There are several options for the playing surface, including asphalt, concrete, or acrylic coatings. Each option has its own benefits and drawbacks, so it’s important to choose the right one for your needs.

Line Marking and Painting

The final step in building a pickleball court is to mark the court lines and paint the surface. The court lines should be marked using a chalk line or other marking tool, and then painted with a high-quality court paint. It’s important to follow the official court dimensions and line markings to ensure proper play.

Maintenance and Upkeep

Cleaning and Sweeping

Regular cleaning and sweeping of the pickleball court is essential to maintain its appearance and playability. Sweeping the court with a broom or leaf blower can remove debris, leaves, and other materials that may accumulate on the court.

For a more thorough cleaning, use a pressure washer to remove dirt and grime that may have accumulated on the court surface.

Crack Repair and Resurfacing

Over time, cracks may develop on the court surface due to weather and usage. It is important to repair these cracks as soon as possible to prevent them from getting worse.

For small cracks, use a crack filler and patching compound to fill the cracks. For larger cracks or areas of significant damage, it may be necessary to resurface the entire court.

Net and Post Maintenance

The net and posts are an essential part of the pickleball court and should be checked regularly for wear and tear.

Check the net tension regularly to ensure that it is at the correct height and is not sagging. Replace any damaged or worn-out nets or posts immediately to prevent accidents or injuries.

Anne Parris

Anne Parris is a managing partner Midlife Boulevard. Her personal blog, Not A Supermom, is your typical mommy blog that her kids say used to be funnier. Anne has a business degree and a dusty résumé from a top accounting firm and a Fortune 500 company, which she reminds herself of every time she is washing underpants. She lives with her family in Virginia and blogs mostly to support her coffee habit.

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